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Importance of a Scrum team in IT Projects

Project managers are constantly on the hunt for new technology and approaches that will help them streamline their process. Scrum has emerged as one of the most prominent new frameworks used by project management teams around the world in recent years. Many businesses have found success in incorporating scrum teams into their project management methodology. This article defines a scrum team, the benefits of employing this approach, and the various roles within a scrum team.

What is a scrum team?

A scrum team is a group of collaborators, often five to nine people, who work together to complete projects and produce products. A basic scrum team consists of one scrum master, one product owner, and a group of engineers. There is no hierarchy or status inside a scrum team. Rather, it is a coherent group of goal-oriented people.

The Scrum framework is used by Scrum teams to guide their project management process. The Scrum framework is built around the core values of continuous improvement, flexibility, and respectful teamwork. Scrum is an approach that aligns with the 2001 Agile Manifesto and its 12 Principles, which are documents designed to guide software development teams in working effectively. The Agile Manifesto bases their methodology on the following beliefs:

  • Individuals and interactions come before processes and tools.

  • Working products come before comprehensive documentation.

  • Customer collaboration comes before contract negotiations.

  • Reflecting on processes and implementing changes comes before following a plan.

Over the past 20 years, Scrum and Agile approaches have taken over workspaces and proven to be highly effective in simplifying collaborative projects. Overall, the Scrum framework helps teams work toward highly organized, reflective and human-oriented processes.

Benefits of scrum team

The scrum team model has shown to be effective for many organisations, even those outside of the software development industry, owing to its ease of project management and product release. Scrum encourages fluid and efficient work toward project completion goals, and applying the framework frequently results in a higher-value end product. Here are some of the most noticeable advantages of utilising a scrum team to advance your organization's project management:

Work happens simultaneously

Scrum teams work on various project components concurrently rather than sequentially. This allows partners to make continuous, critical changes during the project's development rather than at the conclusion, saving time. Working concurrently also enhances team collaboration by allowing teams to include multiple perspectives into their work. This can only benefit the final product's quality. As a result, scrum teams not only generate higher-quality work, but they frequently do so in less time than would otherwise be required.

Workflow processes are made clear

Within the scrum framework, there are certain workflow benchmarks that help teams stay on track and focused on their ultimate goals. Scrum teams cycle through project planning, release planning, sprint planning, sprints, daily scrum, sprint review, and retrospective phases. Each of these phases necessitates a distinct cooperation process. Sprints, for example, are short development cycles that typically range from one day to four weeks and focus the team on generating shippable products. The workflow is simpler for all because these phases have defined expectations and all team members are expected to participate in these procedures.

Return on investment increases and decreases

When firms deploy scrum teams, their ROI usually increases, indicating that the benefits outweigh the expenditures. Scrum teams operate faster and more efficiently than colleagues using other frameworks. This implies they make less costly mistakes and, in some cases, need less effort over time. When a corporation invests less in the completion of a high-value project, the return is often larger. Furthermore, if a company works with a successful scrum team on a regular basis, it may experience lower investment risk in project management.

Roles in a scrum team

A scrum team has a few core jobs, and while members work collaboratively, each role has its own set of obligations and responsibilities. In fact, many scrum team members have specialized credentials that allow them to function in their jobs. Individuals in these roles collaborate strategically to maximise the value of their project, motivate one another, and remove any impediments to productivity.

A scrum team's essential players are as follows:

Scrum Master

The scrum master is often someone who has knowledge of or certification in the Scrum framework. They use their experience to guide other team members through various processes. In essence, a scrum master functions similarly to a project's foreman, keeping team members on track and mentoring them on Scrum concepts along the way. In most cases, a scrum team has only one scrum master. A scrum master's responsibilities include the following:

  • Fostering an effective, collaborative work environment for team members

  • Understanding Scrum framework and Agile principles

  • Mentoring team members on following Agile principles

  • Strategically motivating team members at key intervals

  • Maintaining productive relationships with stakeholders and team members alike

  • Shielding the team from any distractions that may interrupt productivity

Product Owner

On a scrum team, the product owner is in charge of creating high-value products. They specialize in development team management and thoroughly review project decisions to ensure they correspond with team goals. Product owners have a thorough awareness of business processes as well as customer-oriented ideals. A scrum team normally has only one product owner, similar to the scrum master. The duties of a product owner include:

  • Establishing a product vision and creating a marketing strategy

  • Monitoring potential customer engagement and requirements

  • Analyzing ROI and recommending project adjustments to increase ROI

  • Working proactively toward creating solutions for the development team

  • Optimizing the development team's workflow to heighten product value

  • Ordering and managing project backlog

The development team

The development team is made up of professionals who are in charge of creating a high-quality, potentially releasable finished product at the end of each sprint of a project. The development team is typically made up of highly collaborative and skilled professionals who understand organization, time management, and issue resolution. The development team is an essential component of scrum teams, and its responsibilities include:

  • Finding practical solutions to project backlog items

  • Working collaboratively without individual titles or hierarchy

  • Using a cross-functional approach to ensure they have all the expertise necessary to complete projects

  • Delivering shippable products within project time increments

  • Acting with accountability for project success


Anyone with an interest or investment in the project is considered a stakeholder. While stakeholders are not usually regarded a basic role of scrum teams because they do not play a part in product development, they do provide input and can influence the result of a project. They contribute a variety of perspectives and usually represent various departments or outside companies. Stakeholders are accountable for the following tasks:

  • Providing practical feedback to scrum team members on products

  • Encouraging project processes that focus on established goals and outcomes

  • Communicating with the product owner, scrum master and scrum team to facilitate product functionality

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