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Confused About the Internet Of Things: A blog discussing the ins and outs of IoT.

The Internet of things (IoT) describes physical objects (or groups of such objects) with

sensors, processing ability, software, and other technologies that connect and

exchange data with other devices and systems over the Internet or other

communications networks. Internet of things has been considered a misnomer

because devices do not need to be connected to the public internet, they only need

to be connected to a network and be individually addressable.

The field has evolved due to the convergence of multiple technologies, including

ubiquitous computing, commodity sensors, increasingly powerful embedded

systems, and machine learning. Traditional fields of embedded systems, wireless

sensor networks, control systems, automation (including home and building

automation), independently and collectively enable the Internet of things.

In the consumer market, IoT technology is most synonymous with products

pertaining to the concept of the "smart home", including devices and appliances

(such as lighting fixtures, thermostats, home security systems, cameras, and other

home appliances) that support one or more common ecosystems, and can be

controlled via devices associated with that ecosystem, such as smartphones and

smart speakers. IoT is also used in healthcare systems.

There are a number of concerns about the risks in the growth of IoT technologies and

products, especially in the areas of privacy and security, and consequently, industry

and governmental moves to address these concerns have begun, including the

development of international and local standards, guidelines, and regulatory


Over the past few years, IoT has become one of the most important technologies of

the 21st century. Now that we can connect everyday objects—kitchen appliances,

cars, thermostats, baby monitors—to the internet via embedded devices, seamless

communication is possible between people, processes, and things.

By means of low-cost computing, the cloud, big data, analytics, and mobile

technologies, physical things can share and collect data with minimal human

intervention. In this hyperconnected world, digital systems can record, monitor, and

adjust each interaction between connected things. The physical and digital worlds

meet and collaborate.

Industrial IoT (IoT) refers to the application of IoT technologies in industrial

environments, especially in terms of measurement and control of sensors and

devices utilizing cloud technologies. Recently, the industry has adopted

machine-to-machine (M2M) communication to enable wireless automation and

control. However, with the advent of the cloud and related technologies (such as

analytics and machine learning), the industry can reach new levels of automation,

creating new revenue and business models. The IIoT is sometimes referred to as the

fourth wave of the industrial revolution or Industry 4.0. Below are some of the

common applications of IoT.

● Intelligent Manufacturing

● Connected Assets and Preventive and Predictive Maintenance

● smart grid

● smart city

● networked logistics

● A smart digital supply chain

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